From growing in interior Kenya to enjoying the fruit in the suburbs of the United States, there exists a complex mango supply chain. The supply chain has three main categories:
- Production – Involves farmers and growers.
- Processing – Involves companies and brands.
- Distribution – Involves exporters, importers, and distributors.
But which role does each player serve in the intricate mango supply chain? This article takes a closer look at the key players of the global supply chain and how they influence it.
Very many countries grow mangoes for domestic and commercial reasons. Some of the world’s top mango producers include India, China, Thailand, Mexico, and Indonesia. Below are the top 10 world’s largest producers according to Tridge and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data.
|Country||Exports in 2019($)||Exports in 2020($)||Exports in 2021($)|
Thailand, Mexico, and Netherlands have had the most significant export figure in the last three years. Before, India had the largest mango export market share of about 40%. However, recently countries such as Thailand have stormed the market.
Thailand is a leading mango producer whose main areas are central and northeastern. Thailand exported over 332.25M metric tonnes in 2021, an increase of over 391.58% in the last five years.
In summary, these top-tier mango-producing countries are essential players in the domestic and export markets. Their production levels are critical to the global mango supply chains.
The techniques used in mango processing are crucial in the global supply chain. The market can store and transport the fruit when the processing methodologies are perfect. The mango supply chain handles fruits in two processing categories; fresh and frozen.
Frozen mangoes are meant to serve the markets during the off-season. This is crucial, considering mango is a tropical fruit with only a few major seasons spread within months. This means having a particular mango variety ripe in a short period.
Most processors keep the frozen mangoes peeled, sliced, and packed in moisture-proof containers. Processors also add conservatives, such as sweetened lime juice, to prevent discoloration in the long run. In addition, preserved mangoes may be used to process juice and other mango-related products.
On the other hand, fresh mangoes are picked, sorted, and packed in crates and boxes for transportation to global markets. The sorting process is mostly based on size, quality, physical appearance, and ripeness.
Most mangoes sourced from Kenya are transported via road to the packing bay, where they are then processed and exported via air.
The mode of transport of fresh mangoes can greatly affect their quality. That’s why you should partner with a reputable exporter such as FrutPlanet.
At FrutPlanet, we help you safely source, transport, and deliver mangoes. We protect your mangoes from bruises and temperature fluctuations, which can affect their physical appearance and taste.
Whether frozen or fresh, packaging plays an important role in preserving quality. We advise providing mangoes with adequate protection against high temperatures, moisture, pests, and physical bruises.
That’s why at FrutPlanet, we process and disinfect the mangoes before packing. In addition, using crates and boxes designed to prevent bruises and more.
To summarise, the processing is crucial in the global mango supply chain. It is a critical step in ensuring the fruits preserve their quality and freshness in the long run.
This is the most complex step of all three, mainly because it involves a lot of key players. Some of the players include us, exporters, and our customers, who are wholesalers and retailers.
Here is an overview of the mango supply chain distribution process:
At FrutPlanet exporters, we source the mangoes from farmers and process and pack them. We have an extensive team of experts who help us in sorting with regard to size, quality, and physical appearance. Once we harvest them, we transport the mangoes to our warehouse for processing before shipping them via air.
On the other hand, wholesalers buy mangoes from us in bulk to sell to retailers in their markets. No mango distribution chain players can be ignored, as each faces unique challenges in their specialization.
For example, if wholesalers neglect exporters, they will likely face logistical and regulatory barriers. Such barriers lead to delays, damage, and spoilage of mango fruits during transit. Other more severe challenges include trade tariffs, safety regulations, and more.
However, since each intermediary is specialized in their process, this eases the multi-layered distribution process. Therefore, no player in the distribution chain can write off the other.
To sum it up, the global mango supply chain is a complex multilayered network comprising farmers, exporters, importers, processors, and distributors. All rely on each other’s specialization to keep the chain fed up.
From farmers in top mango-growing countries such as Mexico, Thailand, and China to the processors and distributors keen on ensuring the fruits remain tasty and juicy.
Are you looking to buy mangoes in bulk and want a global fruit and vegetable exporter to help you source quality products? We can help. FrutPlanet is a leading exporter of mangoes and other products in the global supply chain. Contact us today.